REQUEST FOR PUBLIC SUPPORT
Solar Power&Water® Inc., a 501 (c) (3) Tax Exempt Non-Profit public charity, has the mission of providing sustainable power and water 24/7 from solar ponds, at low cost, coupled with greenhouse hydroponics premium food production for a hungry world. So expect power, water, and food. We get no government support, making some funding help from you especially valuable at this critical time of our development.
Solar Power&Water® is working to offer a new but wonderfully simple technology as soon as possible which applies a thermal gradient solar pond and a proprietary low-pressure expander to produce electricity and to extract pure water by distillation.* We call the unit a "Power and Water Farm" with a standard pond size of 60 acres, well suited to ocean and Gulf water, each producing approximately one megawatt and 62 million gallons or 190 acre feet (ac-ft) of distilled water per year. In 1962, John F. Kennedy stated “If we could produce fresh water from salt water at a low cost, that would indeed be a great service to humanity, and would dwarf any other scientific accomplishment.” Our source water can be any available saline water including the ocean, salt lakes, agricultural wastewater, saline or polluted groundwater, wastewater from existing reverse osmosis plants, and rivers and streams. See Solar pond. *Left behind are all the contaminants, more concentrated. In contrast, desalination by reverse osmosis filters out most of the contaminants by forcing the water through a membrane. Commercially the residual contamination remains at about 150 ppm. The osmotic pressure of ocean water is about 27 atm. or ~397 psi., indicating the theoretical minimum required pressure.
See our Inputs and Outputs data. We expect to be a low cost producer of power. Recognize that because a solar pond functions like a thermal battery charged by the sun, the power output of a solar pond/plant (our SPP™) will be continuous, capable of peaking any time of day or night, varying only with seasons. Of all sustainable power systems, only our solar power system also produces water. See also our Solar Power&Water System description and our submitted "comments" or proposals responding to a widely distributed U.S. Bureau of Reclamation request. Response. We plan to build, lease, operate and maintain the SPPs.
Globally, the power and water potential of our SPPs is vast. Replacing Australia's thermal electric power with SPPs would cost about $126 billion and also yield about 8 million ac-ft/yr of pure water. This power would replace dirty power from the burning of soft coal, and the water represents a good start to alleviate Australian water shortages and turn Australia's deserts green. Similarly, other deserts can be watered. Natural CO2 sequestration is implicit. Additional power in Australia could support electric vehicles. The Colorado River in the U.S. can be augmented to offset drought and shortages; California's Salton Sea can be restored to either full-sized fresh water or converted to a clean saline (ocean) fish-friendly stable resort lake, enabling invigoration of the entire valley. Possibilities worldwide not mentioned here are many.
Solar Power&Water® Inc. will have an advantage over other solar power systems, including wind which is solar based. Photovoltaic panels are used for converting sunshine into power. And wind energy machines are used for converting wind energy into power. Both receive the energy as a direct handout, almost like beggars. A PV panel is like an open hand hoping to receive sunbeams, and, similarly, a wind machine blade awaits a handout of wind. No handout equals no power production. But Solar Power&Water® Inc. is different. We reach into a solar pond and borrow brine containing stored heat energy which is continuously available. The pond stores solar energy independently, whenever it is available, and independent of when or how much brine we take. That is why Solar Power&Water® Inc. will produce power without interruption. Also we have the advantage of no need to clean dust periodically from PV panels or solar reflectors to avoid loss in performance; unfortunately cleaning burdens stressed water supplies. We have experienced a microburst we suspect would be very damaging to our competitors. The Bureau of Reclamation and the Department of Energy both classified our technology as related to OTEC, or ocean thermal energy conversion. We do not agree. And both forecast that our system will not be economic. Again we do not agree. We have the honor to be in competition with all other sustainable energy technologies and all other sustainable water production technologies. And perhaps uniquely we expect to enable the creation of oases.
Solar Power&Water® Inc. is evidently the only sustainable technology endeavor which is self funded. See Donations. As a 501(c)3 Nonprofit Corporation, Solar Power&Water® Inc. is not owned by anyone. It is operated for the benefit of the citizens of the United States and by default for the world. Thus it is a gift from the two founders. It is not subsidized and is operating in the best traditions of free enterprise. If all goes well, we will create an entirely new industry. No loan guarantees are anticipated.
Mission Statement: We face the challenge to occupy a unique place in the field of sustainable technology. We are not motivated by concern for greenhouse gases or carbon dioxide sequestration or climate change, but by the desire to meet societal needs for clean, renewable energy, clean fresh water (new water if you prefer), remediation of poor water, and the surprising companion benefits of enhanced farming independent of soil with hydroponics using our distilled water with nutrients. The world is our resource; we expect to make it better.
The threat of climate change plus population growth on farming and adequate food supply is of increasing concern. So also the availability of water. We have been advocating hydroponic farming as a means to optimize resources, especially when supported by Solar Power&Water® Inc. water. This was mentioned during Richard’s brief address to the Southern Nevada Water Authority Board on 2/16/06. Successful farming serves as an impediment to a change of methods, so the move to hydroponics has been slow. Arrangements are being made to explore hydroponic farming communally on a small scale in the Communities of the Ciénega de Santa Clara in Mexico, done by presumably unsophisticated but dedicated villagers for village food and for income, while determining best methods and best crops for the vicinity. A good outcome will suggest our SPPs combined with greenhouse hydroponics could form oases of power, water, and food in regions such as Australia’s Outback and sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere. Aquaculture could be included. The available power driving electric incineration enables sanitation in these oases. The non-food portion of the crops might be used as cattle feed or biomass for biofuels at no additional burden on land or water resources. Requests for support for this oasis creation endeavor have been declined, as have all other requests for funds. [[Hypothetical anecdote: The U.S. Department of Energy Solar Department is tasked with supporting solar energy. The department has a special door, normally open. Drive up in your pickup truck, tell the intercom you have a plan to make more efficient PV cells, hear enter, drive your truck under the hopper, and see your truck bed get filled with money. Same for promise of better transfer fluid for CSP trough systems, or better mirrors for power towers, or pinwheel blades with better contours. Maybe hear an offer of a lush loan guarantee. But approach the door with a promising solar pond power system as Richard did, see door slam shut, and hope good reflexes avoid your getting a broken nose.]]
Status of System Test and Demonstration, Dome Valley, Arizona (status report updated monthly) - also see Test Site Sign
We must put mineralized water into a leak-tight pond and let evaporation increase the salinity to the high concentration needed in a gradient solar pond. With ocean water this would take 10 months.
On August 22, 2010, we shut down the well pumps to pause to make pond repairs then expected to take a few months. The construction of a leak-tight pond was completed initially, but salts in the water gradually damaged the seal, resulting in leakage; this damage process evidently was continuing. We had been destroying troublesome cattail by spraying with herbicide. We spray painted about half of the pond with a clay slurry to re-seal the pond, but with little success. We believe dead cattail roots left in place would provide leakage paths for a long time, thus requiring removal. 32,224 yards of cattail roots were removed from the pond. Testing of candidate sealing methods yielded encouraging results, guiding our reconstruction procedures. Pond bottom reconstruction is proceeding well according to plan, starting with the East berm and proceeding westward in segments. The pond bottom has been reconstructed and the South access lane closed. More than 118,350 yards of clay and dirt have been moved in the reconstruction. All of the clay needed for the pond bottom was trucked into the pond. The progress is easily seen by visitors and onlookers traveling N Gila Levee Rd. Visitors who leave an email address in the Visitor Log next to the Visitors bench may receive an occasional picture. Gravel has been spread and compacted on the berms to prevent erosion after first spraying with pre-emergent herbicide to block the growth of salt cedar. The grid anchors are in place, the wave arrest grids are assembled, and the anchor lines are installed. The 24 inch diameter brine return line resides adjacent to the North berm, the joints are sealed, air vents cut, and the line is anchored. This 0.50 mile long brine return line is required because of the elongated shape of this pond. Our focus is working to seal the pond bottom. We were treating the bottom clay with the chemicals used for grout sealing leaks under many dams, but have switched to propriety methods. We have added a suspension of many small plugs intended to stop the leakage. Pond leakage continues. [A plastic liner for the pond seems to be the obvious answer to leakage. Problem is a liner of suitable material would cost $39 million for a 60 acre pond. We need inexpensive sealing for our system to be cost effective.] Cattail and algae are mostly gone, thanks to many large carp which eat the cattail, and tilapia and some placostomus sucker fish which eat the algae. Some of the wild water fowl also eat algae preferentially. We are raising ducks and geese for algae control and seeing very good results. Young Guinea fowl oversee the activities and provide entertainment. Leak tests on the bench using a new procedure guide our progress which is slow but very encouraging. We are now supporting the pond with the smaller Wishing Well flow and the main pump. Competing evaporation and leakage make it difficult to say the pond is now sealed, especially as cooler weather reduces the evaporation. We are still working on improvements. The pond indicates the leakage is slowing; over the next 60 days sealing is likely to be confirmed. Because of good bench test results, we are moving the testing to the pond itself. If results are good, construction of the machinery will commence. Less saline Well #1 water is used as makeup for evaporation and leakage. This process including input measurements plus input and pond water analyses will enable forecasting a solar collection start. The drying of the pond halted the removal of carbon dioxide from the air, stopping sequestration and the creation of carbon credits. Wishing Well water flow into the East end of the pond was resumed October 28,2011, stopped, and restarted; flow was increased to pump capacity. We overhauled Well #1 and its pump. For Wishing Well flow surveillance including night signal, visit http://alert.logitech.com/, ID email@example.com, Password pattycake. Also see equipment surveillance. There is a third camera looking east.
The pond is part of the local environment, for which reason we have installed a weather station to measure and record the climate. For the pond weather and location (Map tab/zoom ->street map), see http://weatherlink.com/user/solarpond/ Our station has joined the Citizen Weather Observer Program which relays our weather data to NOAA. Of special interest is an insolation solar data logger to measure the actual solar energy flux into the pond, rather than using reference values. Insolation data are consistent with producing 1 MW from the pond.
We appreciate the patience of the few of you who are interested in our technology. Meanwhile the resident water fowl and the many feathered visitor observers which left temporarily will also need to be patient during the repairs. This includes the migratory birds and the many feathered nightly guests of this Certified Wildlife Habitat™. The waterfowl count varies. Occasionally seen are ducks, heron, egrets, seagulls, white pelicans, snow geese, cormorant, and osprey. Significant are the many ducks and geese we are raising for algae control, with very good results. Recently a flock of snow geese has joined our waterfowl to help eat the bird seed we provide; about 35 pounds per day.
Our start was delayed 16 months pending the long awaited transfer of land from Reclamation to Wellton-Mohawk Irrigation and Drainage District (WMIDD). We are grateful and fortunate for the skill and dedication of our equipment operators, and especially for the support of WMIDD. Our location is fortuitous. The pond is in the sunniest location in the world. We are about 40 yards from a natural delivery system for our water which will in effect result in storage in Lake Mead for sale. And we are about the same distance to an electric grid which will enable wheeling our power to a distant customer.
Job Creation: Press releases concerning U.S. Department of Energy Recovery Act funding typically report the anticipated creation of thousands of jobs. Our self-funded energy project job creation is actual, having provided full time employment for 16 or more during the extended period of pond construction, and employing about the same during the pond repairs. This number will vary during the machinery fabrication and assembly until system completion. This first system construction will serve as a template for the many which will follow. Our system is being designed to operate unattended, with some scheduled maintenance.
A Timely Discussion: In January, 2014, the day after SNWA opted to have no involvement with Solar Power&Water® Inc. and our plan to Ocean Flush the Salton Sea, nor recognition of our company, California’s governor Jerry Brown declared a Drought Crisis in California. Conservation is to be emphasized. Independently the governor supports the Bay Delta Conservation Plan, http://baydeltaconservationplan.com/Home.aspx,
utilizing two 30-mile long 40-foot tunnels to move water in the Delta, protect wetlands, and help protect dozens of species of fish and wildlife, while permitting the reliable operation of California's two biggest water delivery projects, but produces no additional water. Cost estimates for the Bay Delta Conservation Plan start at $23 billion and independent analyses spiral upward to $47 billion or more, payment details unspecified.
By comparison, our The Salton Sea Ocean Flush Plan, cost estimate of $6 billion, would be paid in full by voluntary purchases of leases of our solar power plants which also produce fresh water. Ironically our plan will utilize a 40 foot tunnel to convey ocean water, length TBD. Uniquely our plan would also add from slightly more than 1 1/3 million acre feet per year to a little over 3 million acre feet per year of pure water to California’s available water, depending on improved farming which we advocate. The plan will also infuse 7,200 MW of solar renewable power 24/7 to help meet California’s RPS requirements. Power sales would be expected to pay off the leases in about two years from start of operation. Cleaning the Sea begins immediately upon completion of the water infrastructure. Best to start construction ASAP. Raising the level of Lake Mead would follow.
Comments: Studies of the Salton Sea by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation began at least as long ago as 1975. In the intervening years, increasing salinity of the Sea has led to a degraded Sea and many more studies. The Salton Sea Authority was formed to sort through the mess and seek a solution, with the responsibility for restoration of the sick Sea later passing to the California Department of Water Resources and then subsequently back to the Salton Sea Authority. The Salton Sea Authority desires more studies. That represents 39 years of studies with no benefit to the Sea. Tetra Tech seeks funds for more studies funded at the Council level. The Authority submitted a "preferred plan" to the California State Legislature in 2007, priced at $8.9 billion. It is fortunately too expensive for a plan we think would be disastrous.
We, Solar Power&Water® Inc. have done our study and offer a very good plan, called "The Salton Sea Ocean Flush Plan".
http://www.solarpowerandwater.com/TheSaltonSeaOceanFlushPlan.pdf. Net cost would be zero. Yields will be a healthy, stable Salton Sea, enhance wildlife habitat, about 1/4 of California's electrical power, including replacing the lost San Onofre power, and from 1 1/3 to 3 million acre feet of new pure water per year extracted from circulating ocean water to offset drought long term, independent of climate change, and stable farming. Our plan includes raising the level of Lake Mead.
Suggestion: State install the water infrastructure, Solar Power&Water® Inc. purchase same from State and operate it to yield the benefits. State end up owning the needed Tunnel Boring Machines, one 40', one 17' diameter, useful in other state projects we could recommend.
- Solar Power&Water System
- Inputs and Outputs
- Inputs and Outputs with Ocean Water
- Installation and Operation
- Water Shortages
- Salton Sea Demise - an Opinion
- Salton Sea plan 2 revised plus
- The Salton Sea Ocean Flush Plan
- A California Proposal
- Solar Power&Water desal looking forward
- Capacity Factor
- Financial Participation
Notice: Power&Water is spelled without spaces. Our name is a trademark. So also is our logo.
count beginning 8/16/2013
since Sunday Aug 18, 04:15:16 PM
pond10/18/13 Looking West... and ... pond10/18/13 Looking North
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Solar Power&Water® Inc. is a 501 (c) (3) Tax Exempt Non-Profit Nevada Organization
Richard A. McKay, Roger S. Sprankle, and this website exclusively represent Solar Power&Water® Inc. and our SPPs.
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This Site Last Updated 1/13/2015